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The TOEFL iBT is a highly recognized English proficiency exam accepted by universities and educational institutions in the United States, Canada, and other countries worldwide. Administered by ETS (Educational Testing Service), the TOEFL exam evaluates students' proficiency in reading, listening, speaking, and writing skills, specifically in an academic context.

The TOEFL exam is primarily conducted in a computer-delivered format known as the TOEFL iBT (internet-based test). This format closely simulates the language skills required in college classrooms, ensuring that test takers are well-prepared for academic environments. It provides a convenient and widely available option for individuals seeking to demonstrate their English language proficiency.

In addition to the TOEFL iBT, ETS has recently introduced the TOEFL Test on Paper in India. This option aims to increase accessibility for candidates who prefer or require a paper-based format for the exam. This development allows a larger pool of students to take the TOEFL exam and showcase their English language abilities.

Furthermore, ETS has launched the TOEFL Home Edition, which enables candidates to take the TOEFL iBT exam from the comfort and safety of their own homes. This remote testing option provides flexibility and convenience, especially in situations where test centers may be limited or inaccessible.


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What is TOEFL Exam?

The TOEFL, which stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language, is administered by ETS (Educational Testing Services). ETS is responsible for conducting the TOEFL exam, specifically the TOEFL iBT (internet-based test), and providing score reports to each test taker. The TOEFL exam evaluates the proficiency of students in various language skills, including reading, listening, speaking, and writing, to ensure they are adequately prepared for academic studies in an English-speaking setting.

Why TOEFL exam is taken?

The ETS TOEFL exam is widely taken by students who have plans to pursue higher education abroad. In addition to demonstrating English language proficiency, taking the TOEFL test opens up opportunities for scholarships and facilitates the visa application process for those seeking employment abroad. The exam evaluates the four essential academic English skills - reading, listening, speaking, and writing - in a manner reflective of their use in college and university classrooms.

The primary purpose of the TOEFL test is to assess candidates' reading, writing, speaking, and listening abilities in the English language. Recognized by over 11,000 universities and institutions worldwide, including prestigious institutions in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK, the United States, Europe, and Asia, the TOEFL exam is highly regarded among students aspiring to study abroad.

Opting for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) offers numerous advantages for students aspiring to study abroad. TOEFL is widely recognized and preferred by students seeking higher education overseas, as it surpasses all other English-language tests combined in terms of scores sent to universities in the United States and Canada. Additionally, TOEFL is the preferred English test in countries such as Germany, France, the US, and Canada, with more TOEFL scores being sent to universities in these nations compared to other English tests. The conducting body of TOEFL, ETS, ensures a fair and unbiased score reporting process, guaranteeing authenticity and reliability for test-takers.

One of the key improvements is the reduction in the TOEFL exam duration to just under 2 hours, providing a more streamlined testing experience. ETS has also introduced various enhancements to ensure a seamless and efficient process for TOEFL English language test takers.


The TOEFL cut-off refers to the minimum TOEFL score required for university applications. It is important to understand that meeting the TOEFL cut-off score does not guarantee admission, as the decision is based on multiple factors. The TOEFL cut-off is usually set at a lower level to accommodate a larger pool of applicants. However, it is advisable for candidates to aim for a higher score to increase their chances of admission.

It is essential to note that TOEFL cut-off scores vary among universities and even specific programs (undergraduate or postgraduate). These scores are determined by individual university admission offices and are not influenced by the country. While there are TOEFL cut-off scores provided for top universities based on country, it is crucial to remember that the final cut-off scores are determined by each university.

Candidates should thoroughly research and understand the TOEFL score requirements of their preferred universities and programs to ensure they meet or exceed the specified cut-off scores. It is always beneficial to strive for a higher TOEFL score to strengthen the overall application and stand out among other candidates.

TOEFL Best Books

Here are some of the top TOEFL prep books that can help you in your preparation:

The Official Guide to the TOEFL iBT Test (Latest Version): This guide is published by ETS, the organization that conducts the TOEFL exam. It provides comprehensive information about the test structure, practice questions, and tips for each section.

The TOEFL iBT Test Prep Planner: This planner helps you create a study plan and stay organized during your TOEFL preparation. It includes practice exercises, study tips, and strategies.

Official TOEFL iBT Tests, Volumes 1 & 2: These books contain real TOEFL test questions from previous years. Practicing these tests will familiarize you with the exam format and improve your test-taking skills.

Kaplan TOEFL iBT Premier: This comprehensive guide offers in-depth content review, practice tests, and skill-building exercises. It also includes online resources for additional practice.

Speaking and Writing Strategies for the TOEFL iBT: This book focuses specifically on the speaking and writing sections of the TOEFL exam. It provides strategies, sample responses, and exercises to enhance your performance in these areas.

Delta’s Key to the TOEFL iBT: Seven Practice Tests: This book includes seven full-length practice tests with answer explanations. It also offers strategies and tips to improve your score.

Grammar Rules You Must Know To Guarantee Your Success On The TOEFL Exam: This book focuses on essential grammar rules that are frequently tested in the TOEFL exam. It provides explanations and practice exercises to strengthen your grammar skills.

Online course at TestDen: TestDen offers an online course specifically designed for TOEFL preparation. It includes video lessons, practice questions, and simulated exams to enhance your skills.

Remember, selecting the right combination of books and resources that align with your individual needs and learning style will greatly contribute to your TOEFL success.

The conducting body of the TOEFL exam, ETS (Educational Testing Service), does not specify any specific eligibility criteria for candidates planning to take the TOEFL exam. However, it is generally recommended that candidates who have completed their 10+2 level of education from a recognized institution are the most suitable to apply for the TOEFL exam.

The TOEFL, which stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language, is an English language proficiency test designed to assess the reading, listening, writing, and speaking abilities of test takers in an academic or university setting. It serves as an important component of the university application process for students aspiring to study in an English-speaking country abroad.

TOEFL Eligibility Criteria

Currently, ETS (Educational Testing Service) offers different options for taking the TOEFL exam. The most popular option is the ETS TOEFL iBT (Internet-Based Test), which is administered at authorized TOEFL test centers. This format allows test takers to complete all sections of the exam, including Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing, in a secure test center environment.

For those who prefer the convenience of taking the exam from home, ETS also offers the TOEFL iBT Home Edition. This is the same TOEFL iBT test as the one administered at test centers, but it can be taken online from the privacy of your own home. The Home Edition is proctored online by a human proctor to ensure test security and integrity.

Additionally, ETS provides the option of taking the TOEFL Test on Paper. In this format, the Reading, Listening, and Writing sections are conducted at a designated TOEFL test center. The Speaking section, however, is completed separately at home on your computer within three days after the paper sections. The Speaking session is monitored online by a human proctor to ensure compliance with test regulations.

These different options allow test takers to choose the most suitable format for their TOEFL exam, whether it be at a test center, from the comfort of their own home with the Home Edition, or with a combination of paper-based and online sections with the TOEFL Test on Paper.

Types of TOEFL Exam?

TOEFL exams are accessible year-round at numerous test centers throughout the country, making it convenient for candidates planning to pursue higher education abroad. As English language test scores are a vital part of the admission process for international studies, the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), administered by ETS, stands as one of the most widely recognized options for aspiring students seeking to enroll in foreign universities and colleges.

To ensure timely reporting of scores, candidates are strongly advised to schedule their TOEFL exam at least two to three months before their earliest admission deadline. Six days after the TOEFL exam date, candidates can access their scores in their ETS account. Moreover, the TOEFL score reports are transmitted to designated universities/score recipients approximately 8 to 16 days following the TOEFL date. Therefore, it is crucial for candidates to secure their preferred TOEFL exam date for 2023 well in advance.

TOEFL Test Dates

TOEFL test centers are conveniently located in major Indian cities including Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Amritsar, Bengaluru, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Dehradun, Delhi NCR, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, and many more. When attending the TOEFL exam, candidates are required to bring a valid ID, preferably their Indian passport or original Aadhar Card, as well as a comfortable face mask, ensuring compliance with health and safety guidelines at the TOEFL exam centers in India.

Administered by ETS (Educational Testing Service), the TOEFL, also known as the Test of English as a Foreign Language, is a widely recognized English proficiency exam accepted by universities in English-speaking countries. It assesses an individual's ability to understand, use, and comprehend the English language as it is spoken, written, and heard in academic settings at colleges and universities.

TOEFL Test Centers

The registration fee for the TOEFL exam may vary depending on the location. In India, the TOEFL exam fee is US$195, or approximately Rs. 16,035.05. As part of the payment method, ETS TOEFL accepts all major credit and debit cards, including American Express®, Discover®, JCB®, Diners Club®, Mastercard®, and VISA®.

TOEFL Exam Fee

The TOEFL exam in 2023 consists of four sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing, which are assessed to determine the total score. To achieve better scores, it is recommended that candidates practice extensively with TOEFL Sample Papers. The exam pattern is established by ETS, the conducting body responsible for overseeing the TOEFL exam, and all preparation materials are designed with the exam pattern in mind.

TOEFL scores are made available online six days after the test date. The total score is obtained by summing up the scores from all four skill areas. During TOEFL registration, candidates have the opportunity to choose up to four institutions to receive their score reports. Following the release of the TOEFL results, ETS sends the official score reports directly to the designated institutions selected by the student.

TOEFL Exam Pattern

TOEFL Exam Syllabus: Reading

Description: The TOEFL Reading Section consists of two reading passages, each approximately 700 words in length, with 10 questions per passage. Completing the Reading section typically takes around 35 minutes. Evaluation in this section is based on the number of correct responses to reading comprehension questions.

Question Type:

2 passages, each with 10 questions

Total Number of Questions: 20

Total Time Allotted: 35 minutes

TOEFL Exam Syllabus: Listening

Description: The TOEFL Listening Section comprises 3 lectures, some accompanied by classroom discussions, each lasting 3–5 minutes, with 6 questions for each lecture. Additionally, there are 2 conversations, each lasting 3 minutes, with 5 questions for each conversation. Throughout the test, you are permitted to take notes on any audio items to aid in answering questions. The Listening section should take approximately 36 minutes to complete.

Question Type:

a) 3 Lectures (3-5 minutes in length, approximately 500-800 words), with 6 questions each (Total: 18)

b) 2 Conversations (approximately 3 minutes in length, with about 12-25 exchanges), with 5 questions for each conversation (Total: 10)

Total Number of Questions: 28

Total Time Allotted: 36 minutes

TOEFL Exam Syllabus: Speaking

Description: To achieve the highest scores in the Speaking Section, your responses should meet the task's requirements with only minor errors or lapses. Test graders assess your ability to engage in a highly intelligible and sustained conversation. Three primary factors contribute to the scoring of this section, which include delivery, language use, and topic development.

Question Type:

a) 1 independent task (preparation time: 15 - 30 seconds; response time: 45 or 60 seconds)

b) 3 integrated tasks – Read/Listen/Speak (preparation time: 15 - 30 seconds; response time: 45 or 60 seconds)

Total Number of Questions: 4

Total Time Allotted: 16 minutes

(20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; listening time: 2 min; writing: 15 min) b) 1 independent task (30 minutes) Total Number of Questions: 2 Total Time: 50 minutes

TOEFL Exam Syllabus: Writing

Description: In the Writing section, two essays are required, each addressing a specific topic. Your responses should be well-organized and well-developed, incorporating relevant explanations and comprehensive support. Additionally, they should demonstrate unity, progression, and coherence. To attain a high writing score, it is important to exhibit syntactic variety and employ appropriate word choices while minimizing grammatical errors.

Question Type:

a) 1 Integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 minutes; listening time: 2 minutes; writing: 15 minutes)

b) 1 Writing for an Academic Discussion task (10 minutes)

Total Number of Questions: 2

Total Time Allotted: 30 minutes

TOEFL Syllabus

To prepare for the TOEFL exam, candidates should follow the following TOEFL preparation tips:

Plan ahead: Adequate preparation for the TOEFL exam requires starting months in advance, depending on individual English language skills. Effective preparation will lead to better TOEFL scores.

Understand the exam: It is crucial for candidates to familiarize themselves with the TOEFL syllabus, exam pattern, scoring system, and university-specific TOEFL cutoffs. This knowledge will enable them to perform their best on the exam day.

Practice with mock tests: Taking TOEFL practice tests is an essential self-evaluation tool. Official TOEFL test papers available on the ETS website and other reliable sources will help students assess their performance, identify areas for improvement, and prepare for the actual TOEFL test.

Build vocabulary: Vocabulary plays a significant role in English language exams. Candidates should focus on learning a range of words, including both complex and common ones, and understand their usage. A strong vocabulary will enhance communication, leading to more accurate and efficient expression.

Utilize official study material: It is advisable to rely on study material provided by the official ETS website. ETS offers a variety of free and paid TOEFL study materials designed specifically for test takers.

Consider TOEFL cutoffs: Each university sets a minimum TOEFL score requirement known as the TOEFL cutoff. Candidates should be aware that meeting the TOEFL cutoff does not guarantee admission. To make their applications stand out, they should aim for a higher score, based on the TOEFL cutoff of their preferred university.

Maintain an error log: Dedication and commitment to a study plan are essential. Candidates should identify their weaknesses and maintain an error log to track areas that need improvement. By addressing these weaknesses, they can enhance their overall performance in the TOEFL exam.

TOEFL Preparation Tips

Candidates preparing for the TOEFL exam have multiple options to register and book their exam slot. The following methods are available for TOEFL registration:

Online Registration: The fastest and most convenient way to register for the TOEFL exam is through the official TOEFL website. Create your profile online, ensuring that the information provided matches the details on your passport.

Phone Registration: Candidates can also register for the TOEFL exam by calling their Regional Registration Center. However, please note that phone registration closes seven days before the test date.

Email Registration: Download the registration form from the official ETS website, which administers the TOEFL test. Fill out the form accurately and send it, along with the required payment, to the designated address indicated on the form or to the Gurgaon center address specified. It is recommended to submit the registration form at least four weeks prior to the desired test date.

Mail-in Registration: Another option is to complete the registration form and send it by mail to the address mentioned on the form. Make sure to include the necessary payment along with the form and send it well in advance of the test date.

By utilizing these methods, candidates can successfully register and secure their TOEFL exam slot on the preferred test date.

TOEFL Registration

The TOEFL scholarship is actively promoted by the TOEFL and ETS boards to deserving candidates. Each year, they sponsor and award grants to students engaged in foreign or second language research, teaching, or assessment. The TOEFL scholarship program aims to support students by providing 14 grants annually, with scholarship amounts ranging from USD 10,000 to 50,000. These scholarships are intended to assist aspiring students in their educational pursuits.

To be eligible for these scholarships, candidates are typically required to meet specific criteria, such as obtaining high TOEFL scores, maintaining a strong academic record, and showcasing leadership qualities. The scholarship application process often involves submitting an essay, letters of recommendation, and other supporting documents.

TOEFL scholarships can cover various expenses, including tuition fees, living costs, and study materials. The scholarship amounts vary depending on the provider and may be either partial or full scholarships.

Candidates can explore scholarship opportunities through university websites, government scholarship programs, and external scholarship databases. It is essential to conduct thorough research and apply for scholarships well in advance, as deadlines and requirements can differ.

Receiving a TOEFL scholarship can significantly alleviate the financial burden of studying abroad and provide valuable educational opportunities. Candidates are encouraged to actively seek and apply for scholarships that align with their academic goals and aspirations.

TOEFL Scholarships

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